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Fuzzing RDPEGFX with "what the fuzz"

Microsoft’s Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) client was fuzzed by various teams in the past few years, it thus seemed like a good target to try a recent snapshot fuzzer: what the fuzz (wtf) (of which we are only users). In this companion post to our Hexacon 2022 talk (slides, video) we’ll show how we took advantage of wtf flexibility in order to efficiently fuzz the RDPEGFX channel of Microsoft RDP client and uncover CVE-2022-30221.

About

Au sein du groupe THALES, l’équipe THALIUM - basée à Rennes - est dédiée aux activités de Lutte Informatique, de connaissance de la menace, de recherche de vulnérabilités et de développement d’outils de type Red Team. Nous recrutons !! Thalium, part of THALES group, is focused on threat intelligence, vulnerability research and red team development.

Join Us

Offres Thalium Dans le cadre de nos travaux R&D ou pour nos besoins clients, l’équipe Thalium développe son expertise autour des domaines suivants : Recherche et exploitation de vulnérabilités Fuzzing Développements kernel / userland Connaissance de la menace et investigation numérique Et ce sur de multiples plateformes : Windows, Linux, macOS Android, iOS, IOT Intel, ARM Pour répondre aux challenges de plus en plus nombreux, nous recherchons continuellement de nouveaux experts pour nos équipes Reverse, Développements ou encore Forensics.

ECW 2021 - WriteUp

For the European Cyber Week CTF 2021 Thalium created some challenges in our core competencies: reverse and exploitation. This blog post presents some of the write-ups:

Thalium’s challenges have been less resolved than others. They were not that difficult, but probably a bit more unexpected. A few additional challenges designed by Thalium are:

NT objects access tracing

Draw me a map As homework during the lockdown, I wanted to automate the attack surface analysis of a target on Windows. The main objective was to construct a view of a software architecture to highlight the attack surface (whether remote or local). The software architecture can be composed of several elements: processes privileges ipc etc Usually, software architecture analysis is done with tools that give a view at a specific time (ProcessHacker, WinObjEx, etc).

SSTIC : how to setup a ctf win10 pwn user environment

Introduction This post aims to present how to easily setup a lightweight secure user pwning environment for Windows. From your binary challenge communicating with stdin/stdout, this environment provides a multi-client broker listening on a socket, redirecting it to the IO of your binary, and executing it in a jail. This environment is mainly based on the project AppJaillauncher-rs from trailofbits, with some security fixes and some tips to easily setup the RW rights to the system files from the jail.

Cyber Apocalypse 2021 5/5 - Artillery

Artillery was a web challenge of the Cyber Apocalypse 2021 CTF organized by HackTheBox. We were given the source code of the server to help us solve the challenge. This challenge was a nice opportunity to learn more about XXE vulnerabilities.

Cyber Apocalypse 2021 1/5 - PWN challenges

Thalium participated in the Cyber Apocalypse 2021 CTF organized last week by HackTheBox. It was a great success with 4,740 teams composed of around 10,000 hackers from all over the world. Our team finished in fifth place and solved sixty out of the sixty-two challenges:

fig_scoreboard

This article explains how we solved each pwn challenge and what tools we used, it is written to be accessible to beginners:

Cyber Apocalypse 2021 4/5 - Discovery

One of the least solved challenges, yet probably not the most difficult one. It is a Hardware challenge, though it is significantly different from the other challenges of this category. The first thing to spot is that when starting the challenge machine, we have access to two network services:

  • an HTTP server, requesting an authentication
  • an AMQP broker, rabbitmq

Windows Memory Introspection with IceBox

Virtual Machine Introspection (VMI) is an extremely powerful technique to explore a guest OS. Directly acting on the hypervisor allows a stealth and precise control of the guest state, which means its CPU context as well as its memory. Basically, a common use case in VMI consists in (1) setting a breakpoint on an address, (2) wait for a break and (3) finally read some virtual memory. For example, to simply monitor the user file writing activity on Windows, just set a breakpoint on the NtWriteFile function in kernel land.

Getting Started with Icebox VMI

Icebox is a VMI (Virtual Machine Introspection) framework enabling you to stealthily trace and debug any kernel or user code system-wide. All Icebox source code can be found on our github page. Try Icebox Icebox now comes with full Python bindings enabling fast prototyping on top of VMI, whether you want to trace a user process or inspect the kernel internals. The core itself is in C++ and exposes most of its public functions into an icebox Python 3 module.
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