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An Overall Philosophy on the Use of Critical Threat Intelligence

16 July 2021 at 20:15

The overarching threat facing cyber organizations today is a highly skilled asymmetric enemy, well-funded and resolute in his task and purpose.Β Β  You never can exactly tell how they will come at you, but come they will.Β  It’s no different than fighting a kinetic foe in that, before you fight, you must choose your ground and study your enemy’s tendencies.

A lot of focus has been placed on tools and updating technology, but often we are pushed back on our heels and find ourselves fighting a defensive action.

But what if we change?Β  How do we do that?

The first step is to study the battlefield, understand what you’re trying to protect and lay down your protection strategy.Β  Pretty basic right??

Your technology strategy is very important, but you must embrace and create a thorough Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI) doctrine which must take on many forms.

First, there is data, and lots of it.Β  However, the data must take specific forms to research and detect nascent elements where the adversary is attempting to catch you napping or give you the perception that the activity you see is normal.

As you pool this data, it must be segmented into layers and literally mapped to geographic locations across the globe.Β  The data is classified distinctly as malicious and reputations are applied.Β  This is a vital step in that it enables analytical programs, along with human intelligence analysts to apply the data within intelligence reports which themselves can take on many forms.

Once the data takes an analytic form, then it allows organizations to forensically piece together a picture of an attack.Β  This process is painstakingly tedious but necessary to understand your enemy and his tendencies.Β  Tools are useful, but it’s always the human in the loop that will recognize the tactical and strategic implications of an adversary’s moves. Once you see the picture, it becomes real, and then you’re able to prepare your enterprise for the conflict that follows.

Your early warning and sensing strategy must incorporate this philosophy.Β  You must sense, collect, exploit, process, produce and utilize each intelligence product that renders useful information.Β  It’s this process that will enable any organization to move decisively to and stay β€œleft of boom”.

The McAfee Advanced Programs Group (APG) was created eight years ago to support intelligence organizations that embrace and maintain a strong CTI stance.Β  Its philosophy is to blend people, processes, data and a strong intelligence heritage to enable our customers to understand the cyber battlefield to proactively protect, but β€œmaneuver” when necessary to avoid an attack.

APG applies three key disciplines or mission areas to provide this support.

First, we developed an internal tool called the Advanced Threat Landscape Analysis System (ATLAS).Β  This enables our organization to apply our malicious threat detections to a geospatial map display to see where we’re seeing malicious data.Β  ATLAS draws from our global network of billions of threat sensors to see trillions of detections each day, but enables our analysts to concentrate on the most malicious activity.Β  Then we’re better able to research and report accurate threat landscape information.

The second leg in the stool is our analytical staff, the true cyber ninjas that apply decades of experience supporting HUMINT operations across the globe and a well-established intelligence-based targeting philosophy to the cyber environment.Β  The result is a true understanding of the cyber battlefield enabling the leadership to make solid β€œintelligence-based” decisions.

Finally, the third leg is our ability to develop custom solutions and interfaces to adapt in a very custom way our ability to see and study data.Β  We have the ability to leverage 2.8 billion malicious detections, along with 20 other distinct malicious feeds, to correlate many different views, just not the McAfee view.Β  We interpret agnostically.

These three legs provide APG a powerful CTI advantage allowing our customers to adapt and respond to events by producing threat intelligence dynamically. When using this service it allows the customer to be fully situationally aware in a moments notice (visual command and control). Access to the data alone is an immense asset to any organization.Β  This allows each customer not only to know what their telemetry is, but also provides real time insights into the entire world ecosystem. Finally, the human analysis alone is immensely valuable.Β  It allows for the organizations to read and see/understand what it all means (the who, what, where and why).Β Β  β€œThe so what!!”

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Intelligence in the Enterprise

11 February 2020 at 05:01

IntelligenceΒ became an integral military discipline centuries ago.Β More recently, this practice evolved into what is called Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield, or IPB.Β In both military and civilian agencies, the discipline uses information collection followed by analysis to provide guidance and direction to operators making tactical or organizational decisions. UsedΒ strategically, this type ofΒ intelligence puts an organization in a stronger position to operate offensively or defensively because in theory, they now know more than their enemy.

This same concept can be applied in the theater of cybersecurity operations.Β However, the current scope of intelligence in many enterprises describes just one aspect of the IPB discipline: information collection. The critical component missing to complete the process is a specialized researcher trained in this type of analysis and subsequent application of intelligence.

A disciplined intelligence cycle goes deepβ€”applying advanced data collection methodologies from open, closed and propriety sources, social media, human intelligence and the dark web against areas such as cybercrime, hactivism, or cyber espionage to thoroughly analyze the adversary. Intelligence can ultimately be used to prepare organizations tactically and strategically to both anticipate and mitigateΒ modern threats.

The latest research and analysis from McAfee Advanced Program Group (APG) researcher Anne An detailing the actions of Chinese non-state threat actor groups is a great example of intelligence that is invaluable for organizations. This unique take on Chinese cyber criminality educates practitioners on the threats around them, empowering them to prepare their organization to be proactive, rather than reactive.Β Further, there are many times where organizations are unaware they have been a victim of a cyberattack. This could include stolen data, which McAfee APG may find being sold on the dark markets, and in some cases, could have a devastating effect on their business.

Sun Tzu, the Chinese general, and military strategist once articulated, β€œThe art of war teaches us to rely not on the likelihood of the enemy’s not coming, but on our own readiness to receive him; not on the chance of his not attacking, but rather on the fact that we have made our position unassailable.”  These ancient words are still very meaningful today.Β If organizations robustly embrace the intelligence process, their defensive posture will exponentially improve.

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