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Scammers Impersonating Windows Defender to Push Malicious Windows Apps

17 May 2021 at 21:25

Summary points:

  • Scammers are increasingly using Windows Push Notifications to impersonate legitimate alerts
  • Recent campaigns pose as a Windows Defender Update
  • Victims end up allowing the installation of a malicious Windows Application that targets user and system information

Browser push notifications can highly resemble Windows system notifications.Β  As recently discussed, scammers are abusing push notifications to trick users into taking action.Β  This recent example demonstrates the social engineering tactics used to trick users into installing a fake Windows Defender update.Β  A toaster popup in the tray informs the user of a Windows Defender Update.

Clicking the message takes the user to a fake update website.

The site serves a signed ms-appinstaller (MSIX) package.Β  When downloaded and run, the user is prompted to install a supposed Defender Update from β€œPublisher: Microsoft”

After installation, the β€œDefender Update” App appears in the start menu like other Windows Apps.

The shortcut points to the installed malware: C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\245d1cf3-25fc-4ce1-9a58-7cd13f94923a_1.0.0.0_neutral__7afzw0tp1da5e\bloom\Eversible.exe, which is a data stealing trojan, targeting various applications and information:

  • System information (Process list, Drive details, Serial number, RAM, Graphics card details)
  • Application profile data (Chrome, Exodus wallet, Ethereum wallet, Opera, Telegram Desktop)
  • User data (Credit card, FileZilla)

Am I protected?

  • McAfee customers utilizing Real Protect Cloud were proactively protected from this threat due to machine learning.
  • McAfee customers utilizing web protection (including McAfee Web Advisor and McAfee Web Control) are protected from known malicious sites.
  • McAfee Global Threat Intelligence (GTI) provides protection at Very Low sensitivity

General safety tips

  • See: How to Stop the Popups
  • Scams can be quite convincing. It’s better to be quick to block something and slow to allow than the opposite.
  • When in doubt, initiate the communication yourself.
    • For Windows Updates, click the Start Menu and type β€œCheck For Updates”, click the System Settings link.
    • Manually enter in a web address rather than clicking a link sent to you.
    • Confirm numbers and addresses before reaching out, such as phone and email.

Reference IOCs

  • MSIX installer: 02262a420bf52a0a428a26d86aca177796f18d1913b834b0cbed19367985e190
  • exe: 0dd432078b93dfcea94bec8b7e6991bcc050e6307cd1cb593583e7b5a9a0f9dc
  • Installer source site: updatedefender [dot] online

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The post Scammers Impersonating Windows Defender to Push Malicious Windows Apps appeared first on McAfee Blogs.

How to Stop the Popups

5 May 2021 at 18:06

McAfee is tracking an increase in the use of deceptive popups that mislead some users into taking action, while annoying many others.Β  A significant portion is attributed to browser-based push notifications, and while there are a couple of simple steps users can take to prevent and remediate the situation, there is also some confusion about how these should be handled.

How does this happen?

In many cases scammers use deception to trick users into Allowing push notifications to be delivered to their system.

In other cases, there is no deception involved.Β  Users willingly opt-in uncoerced.

What happens next?

After Allowing notifications, messages quickly start being received.Β  Some sites send notifications as often as every minute.

Many messages are deceptive in nature.Β  Consider this fake alert example.Β  Clicking the message leads to an imposter Windows Defender alert website, complete with MP3 audio and a phone number to call.

In several other examples, social engineering is crafted around the McAfee name and logo.Β  Clicking on the messages lead to various websites informing the user their subscription has expired, that McAfee has detected threats on their system, or providing direct links to purchase a McAfee subscription.Β  Note that β€œRemove Ads” and similar notification buttons typically lead to the publishers chosen destination rather than anything that would help the user in disabling the popups.Β  Also note that many of the destination sites themselves prompt the user to Allow more notifications.Β  This can have a cascading effect where the user is soon flooded with many messages on a regular basis.

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How can this be remediated?

First, it’s important to understand that the representative images provided here are not indications of a virus infection.Β  It is not necessary to update or purchase software to resolve the matter.Β  There is a simple fix:

1. Note the name of the site sending the notification in the popup itself. It’s located next to the browser name, for example:

Example popup with a link to a Popup remover

2. Go to your browser settings’ notification section

3. Search for the site name and click the 3 dotes next to the entry.

Chrome’s notification settings

4. Select Block

Great, but how can this be prevented in the future?

The simplest way is to carefully read such authorization prompts and only click Allow on sites that you trust.Β  Alternatively, you can disable notification prompts altogether.

As the saying goes, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

What other messages should I be on the lookout for?

While there are thousands of various messages and sites sending them, and messages evolve over time, these are the most common seen in April 2021:

  • Activate Protection Now?|Update Available: Antivirus
  • Activate your free security today – Download now|Turn On Windows Protection βœ…
  • Activate your McAfee, now! βœ…|Click here to review your PC protection
  • Activate your Mcafee, now! βœ…|Reminder From McAfee
  • Activate your Norton, now! βœ…|Click here to review your PC protection
  • Activate Your PC Security βœ…|Download your free Windows protection now.
  • Antivirus Gratis Installierenβœ…|Bestes Antivirus–Kostenlos herunterladen
  • Antivirus Protection|Download Now To Protect Your Computer From Viruses & Malware Attacks
  • Best Antivirus 2020 – Download Free Now|Install Your Free Antivirus βœ…
  • Check here with a Free Virus Scan|Is Windows slow due to virus?
  • Click here to activate McAfee protection|McAfee Safety Alert
  • Click here to activate McAfee protection|Turn on your antivirus
  • Click Here To Activate McAfee Protection|Upgrade Your Antivirus
  • Click here to activate Norton protection|Turn on your antivirus βœ…
  • Click here to clean.|System is infected!
  • Click here to fix the error|Protect your PC now !
  • Click here to fix the error|System alert!
  • Click here to protect your data.|Remove useless files advised
  • Click Here To Renew Subscription|Viruses Found (3)
  • Click here to review your PC protection|⚠ Your Mcafee has Expired
  • Click here to Scan and Remove Virus|Potential Virus?
  • Click To Renew Your Subscription|Viruses Found (3)
  • Click to turn on your Norton protection|New (1) Security Notification
  • Critical Virus Alert|Turn on virus protection
  • Free Antivirus Update is|available.Download and protect system?
  • Install Antivirus Now!|Norton – Protect Your PC!
  • Install FREE Antivirus now|Is the system under threat?
  • Install free antivirus|Protect your Windows PC!
  • Jetzt KOSTENLOSES Antivirus installieren|Wird das System bedroht?
  • McAfee Safety Alert|Turn on your antivirus now [Activate]
  • McAfee Total Protection|Trusted Antivirus and Privacy Protection
  • Norton Antivirus|Stay Protected. Activate Now!
  • Norton Expired 3 Days Ago!⚠ |Renew now to stay protected for your PC!
  • PC is under virus threat! |Renew Norton now to say protected ⚠
  • Protect Your Computer From Viruses|⚠ Activate McAfee Antivirus
  • Renew McAfee License Now!|Stay Protected. Renew Now!
  • Renew McAfee License Now!|Your McAfee Has Expired Today
  • Renew Norton License Now!|Your Norton Has Expired Today
  • Renew Now For 2021|Your Norton has Expired Today?
  • Renew now to stay protected!|⚠ Your Mcafee has Expired
  • Scan Report Ready|Tap to reveal
  • Turn on virus protection|Viruses found (3)
  • Your Computer Might be At Risk ☠ |❌ Renew Norton Antivirus!

General safety tips

  • Scams can be quite convincing. It’s better to be quick to block something and slow to allow than the opposite.
  • When in doubt, initiate the communication yourself.
    • Manually enter in a web address rather than clicking a link sent to you.
    • Confirm numbers and addresses before reaching out, such as phone and email.
  • McAfee customers utilizing web protection (including McAfee Web Advisor and McAfee Web Control) are protected from known malicious sites.

The post How to Stop the Popups appeared first on McAfee Blogs.

Attackers Exploiting WinRAR UNACEV2.DLL Vulnerability (CVE-2018-20250)

14 March 2019 at 19:00

Earlier this month Check Point Research reported discovery of a 19 year old code execution vulnerability in the wildly popular WinRAR compression tool. Rarlab reports that that are over 500 million users of this program. While a patched version, 5.70, was released on February 26, attackers are releasing exploits in an effort to reach vulnerable systems before they can be patched.

One recent example piggybacks on a bootlegged copy of Ariana Grande’s hit album β€œThank U, Next” with a file name of β€œAriana_Grande-thank_u,_next(2019)_[320].rar”

When a vulnerable version of WinRAR is used to extract the contents of this archive, a malicious payload is created in the Startup folder behind the scenes. User Account Control (UAC) does not apply, so no alert is displayed to the user. The next time the system restarts, the malware is run.

Figure 1 – Malformed Archive detected by McAfee as CVE2018-20250!4A63011F5B88
SHA256: e6e5530ed748283d4f6ef3485bfbf84ae573289ad28db0815f711dc45f448bec

Figure 2 – Extracted non-malicious MP3 files

Figure 3 – Extracted Malware payload detected by McAfee as Generic Trojan.i
SHA256: A1C06018B4E331F95A0E33B47F0FAA5CB6A084D15FEC30772923269669F4BC91

In the first week since the vulnerability was disclosed, McAfee has identified over 100 unique exploits and counting, with most of the initial targets residing in the United States at the time of writing.

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McAfee advises users to keep their anti-malware signatures up to date at all times. McAfee products detect known and unknown malformed ACE files exploiting the vulnerability as CVE2018-20250![Partial hash] starting with the following content

  • V2 DATs version 9183 released March 2, 2019
  • V3 DATs version 3634 released March 2, 2019

Additional GTI coverage exists for email-based attacks, in tandem with the Suspicious Attachment feature. When this feature is enabled, Artemis![Partial hash] detections will occur on known exploits.

Update: An earlier version of this article used the phrase User Access Control (UAC) which has now been changed to User Account Control (UAC) and the term β€œbypass” which has now been changed to β€œdoes not apply.”

The post Attackers Exploiting WinRAR UNACEV2.DLL Vulnerability (CVE-2018-20250) appeared first on McAfee Blogs.

McAfee Protects Against Suspicious Email Attachments

4 March 2019 at 02:00

Email remains a top vector for attackers.Β  Over the years, defenses have evolved, and policy-based protections have become standard for email clients such as Microsoft Outlook and Microsoft Mail.Β  Such policies are highly effective, but only if they are maintained as attacker’s keep changing their tactics to evade defenses.Β  For this reason, McAfee endpoint products use a combination of product features and content for increased agility.Β  In McAfee Endpoint Security (ENS) 10.5+, such protection is enabled via the β€˜Detect suspicious email attachments’ option and maintained through DAT content.Β  This capability goes beyond the level of protection offered by email clients by not only blocking applications and scripts, but also a variety of threat types in their native form, as well as those compressed and contained within archives and other formats.

Figure 1 – ENS 10.6.1 Configuration Screen

An example of this capability in action can be seen against a recent spam run.

In this campaign, a malicious email message contained the attachment BANK DETAILS.ZIP.Β  Inside this archive was the file BANK DETAILS.ISO.Β  Malicious ISO spam has been increasing over the past six months, and while it is common for ISO files to be blocked by email clients, this is not the case where the ISO is inside of a ZIP.Β  Inside the BANK DETAILS.ISO file resides BANK DETAILS.EXE.Β  Email clients will typically block executable files attached to messages, but not if they are inside a container.

When the email client attempts to write the attachment to disk, ENS scans inside the ZIP and subsequently the contained ISO and EXE files (ZIP -> ISO -> EXE).

Figure 2 – ENS Toaster Popup

In this case, 2-year-old DAT content proactively stopped the threat.

If the system had not been protected, an unsuspecting user might open the ZIP to reveal the ISO.

Figure 3 – Inside ZIP file showing ISO file

The ISO can then be accessed via Windows Explorer, which appears as a DVD Drive containing the executable, password-stealing, payload.

Figure 4 – EXE file inside Bank Details.ISO

Since the advent of policy-based email attachment blocking, attackers have continued to seek ways to evade that protection. ISO abuse may be the latest chapter in the story, but others are sure to follow.

Tens of thousands of new and unique malicious attachments are blocked each month via the β€˜Suspicious Attachment’ detection feature.

The post McAfee Protects Against Suspicious Email Attachments appeared first on McAfee Blogs.

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